Yes yes we all love our native soup that comes from a Oil Palm Tree, Banga Soup.
That rich smooth texture that goes well with fresh fish, goat meat and fufu, that only a mix of palm oil and palm kernel oil can give.
Have you ever taken the time to ask.
What else can we get from a Oil Palm Tree?
Where will they be used?
What else can we get from a Palm Tree
I notice that when i ask people here in Nigeria, what other products they can get from a palm tree, aside from Palm Oil and Palm Kernel oil. Their usual answer is the shell or chaff, thats if they have a market for it. While others will say “nothing else”.
Truth is, there is much more you can get from a palm tree, even from the Palm oil and Palm kernel oil you already have.
These range from
Crude Palm Oil (CPO)
Crude Palm Oil is an oil that ranging from Blood red to Reddish yellow in color, its gotten from the pressed pulp of a palm oil fruit bunch. Here in Nigeria its usually used for cooking soups and stews, while also holding color well in Lip sticks.
Crude Palm Kernel Oil (CPKO)
Crude Palm Kernel Oil is a light yellow oil that comes from crushed and pressed Palm Kernel, the color comes about because of the Lauric acid it contains. It has a wide range of uses when refined, from keeping chocolate solid at room temperate to frying pasteries.
Refined Palm Oil (RPO)
Refined Palm Oil is an oil that comes from the process of Refining, Bleaching and Deodorizing Crude Palm Oil (CPO). Due to its refinement and low fatty Acid of O.5% it can be used as cooking oil.
Refined Palm Kernel Oil (RPKO)
This Refined Palm Kernel Oil comes about by processing, refining , bleaching and Deodorizing Crude Palm Kernel Oil. Also used for cooking oil as well.
Palm Olein (PKOO)
Palm Kernel Olein is RBD Vegetable Oil, Its Palm Kernel oil that has been fully Refined, Bleached and Deodorized.Because of its high melting point and steep melting profile, you will always see it used for Ice cream.
Palm Stearin is a solid whitish crystaline substance obtained from the fractionation of Refined Bleached and Deodorized Palm Oil. It is mainly used by the food industry, particularly for mixing flour for making pastries like biscuits, dough for pizza or snacks.
Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD)
Palm Fatty Acid Distillate is a high free fatty acid that is mainly used by cosmetics and soap industries. PFAD is obtained as a by-product of the refining process.
Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB)
The Empty Fruit Bunches usually come about after the Palm Oil Fruits have been separated from the bunch. After separation, they are usually wet. When dried they can be used as a source of fuel at the or returned back to the plantation as decaying fertilizer for the palm trees.
Palm Fibres and Palm Kernel Shells
Palm Fibres are the chaffs and debris that come from shelling of palm kernels. They are a good source of fertilizer used by melon and pineapple plantations. Palm Kernel Shells also gotten from cracking palm kernel, are a good source of fuel material for blacksmiths for their casts and forges, when used in small quantites. It can also be turned charcoal, but tends to have a high amount of impurities. It can also be used in making a light cement substitute material called Pozzolana.
Now you can see that the Palm Tree does have a lot of other uses.
Although there are still questions like
How do you extract the above at a cost efficient and effective value?
Who will will you sell them to?
If you would like to see answers to the above, then do stay tunes, as we will be breaking down each of the above products. We will look at how you can produce each these products by yourself in our subsequent posts.
Now if you know of any other palm products that we missed, please drop us a comment on them, and we will add it to our list of the list of palm produce above and to our future posts.